DOC, ARCHIVES, EMBARGOS & RED HERRINGS.
The book, Ancient Celtic New Zealand, featured an official archival document, which clearly showed an intention, by New Zealand Government Departments, to withhold archaeological information from the public for a period of 75 years.
Since publication of the book, many indignant people have written to the National Archives for an explanation as to why such an embargo had been put in place. They have questioned the legality of such imposed restrictions and have contacted their Members of Parliament to force a release of any information still being withheld.
This author and others, simply wish to inform the public that, in New Zealand, archaeological information, artefacts and skeletal evidence can be deemed secret, with knowledge deliberately withheld in the perceived interests of government policy.
Whether or not the fullness of embargoed information from the Waipoua Forest Archaeological dig has finally found its way to the public, is now considered irrelevant. What is important to realise is that certain information, which could rewrite regional history overnight, will continue to be withheld if officials are not caught out and forced to release at least a % of the material.
Various contradictory letters of explanation have issued forth over time from the official organs, assuring the public that the "Waipoua" fiasco was all just a big misunderstanding, that there never was any embargo and all documents related to the Waipoua Forest dig have always been available for public scrutiny.
The "good news" and "damage control" machinery has been working overtime to extricate culpable functionaries, deceivers and corridor creepers from the proverbial poo.
Let's review what we know so far and closely analyse the logic behind explanations proffered by officialdom.
Figure 1: The much discussed "Embargo" document signed by Archaeologist, Michael Taylor and accompanying 14 pages of "something", which neither the general public nor bona fide research workers were permitted to view until the year 2063. The document states, in the handwriting of Michael Taylor, that 'Prior consultation requires approval of the Te Roroa- Waipoua Advisory Committee or other appropriate subsequent Te Roroa authority'. The printed line, which would allow bona fide research workers access to the information has been crossed out and overwritten with, 'restricted until 2063'. The overall intent of this document, as the covering-page for a body of archaeological information deemed "top secret", could not be clearer.This document is very clearly imposing a restriction on certain information related to the extensive and very expensive archaeological excavations conducted in the Waipoua Forest between the late nineteen-seventies until the late nineteen-eighties. Despite the fact that public money funded the entire archaeological probe, certain information was categorised as not appropriate for general consumption or scrutiny and was to be locked away until a time when all contemporary adult members of the public were long dead and buried...why?
We must, therefore, contemplate the possible reasons for such a degree of secrecy, "tailored" to span nearly four generations.
Did the archaeologists happen upon something of a profound military nature in the Waipoua Forest, the significance of which was so vital to New Zealand's national security that it needed to be enshrouded under the "State Secrets Act"?...hardly likely.
How could 2000 ancient, stacked stone structures pose a threat to national security?
Was the archaeological information derived from the dig somehow threatening to the Maori claim of being the original inhabitants of New Zealand (the Tangata Whenua) and restricted on the basis that any devolution of such knowledge was disadvantageous to Maori claims of sovereignty?...highly likely.
What caused Ned Nathan, head of the Te Roroa Archaeological Advisory Committee to exclaim, within earshot of witnesses, 'that's 500 years before we got here!'? He is reported to have done this while looking at pages listing the "carbon dating" results.In 1996 researcher, Gary Cook tried without success to get a copy of the archaeological report covering the 70's-80's dig. In the end Gary had to acquire the services of a lawyer, who made submissions to the Ombudsman to force the lifting of the illegal embargo. To my knowledge, the restrictions would have remained in place until 2063 were the legalities not challenged, under law, through an incentive instigated by Gary Cook.But what % of the massive amount of documentation, relating to years of archaeological endeavour, was to be restricted until 2063? Was it solely 14 pages of material or was it intended to be anything and everything from the archaeological probe? A letter from the National Archives has, inadvertently, provided us with a clue, which helps answer this question.
Figure 2: A letter, which has become the stock standard response from the National Archives, sent to those enquiring about the "14 pages" of embargoed material.
The Archives, in the above letter, state:
'The 14 sheets you mention have constantly been misrepresented as some kind of report. They were in fact Mr. Taylor's handwritten list of records deposited here in 1988 (Archive reference: BAIH617). That list was later typed, and I enclose a copy. There are no access restrictions. Restrictions were proposed for accession A617, but subsequently the parties involved decided that restrictions were not necessary'.
The admission, therefore, is that a restriction was proposed for A617, which, by appearance, embargoed all recorded entries found within the Waipoua Archaeological Project- Field Notebooks (containing archaeological findings and notations from 1979 to 1988) .
At a cursory count there are 152 archaeological categories covered by A617, ranging from A617/1a (Stage II - Book 1, pages 1 to 100)... to A617/138, related to stone structures.
There appears to be another category under the Archive reference BBEE A1234/1a to BBEE A1234/1m (13 items), which was similarly restricted.
What can we realistically surmise from this?
- 'The 14 sheets you mention have constantly been misrepresented as some kind of report'.
Well, excuse us in our ignorance of the truth...obviously it was not, solely, a 14 page handwritten list that was intended for embargo until the year 2063. The 14 pages simply nominated and identified all of the information that was not to be seen by the general public or bona fide research workers, for a period of 75 years. The Archives would be "pushing their luck" if they expected a discerning public to accept that an "index" (without any in depth explanatory content) was of such significance it needed to be held from view under the Official Secrets Act. The entirety of the report, a body of information about as thick as two telephone books, was what the 14 pages identified as "restricted" material.
- There are no access restrictions.
Well OK, just like there's presently no Berlin Wall...but the main issue is how long was the restriction in effect for and, if it had gone unchallenged under law, how long would it have persisted...75 years? It's wonderful to hear that there are no access restrictions (present tense), but what about the "were" aspect (past tense) ?.
- Restrictions were proposed for accession A617, but subsequently the parties involved decided that restrictions were not necessary'.
Only proposed you say...does that mean restrictions were never imposed and the general public, along with bona fide research workers, had access to everything from day one? Are you quite sure you're not being evasive or that there's not something being hidden amidst the jargon? You see, what we really need to know is, as of what date could "Joe Public" go into the National Archives, quote the appropriate Archive references and access the Waipoua Archaeological Project- Field Notebooks, A617/1a to A617/138, etc?
- but subsequently the parties involved decided that restrictions were not necessary'.
Subsequently, now there's a word that gives us an idea of the passage of time...dinosaurs once roamed the Earth, but subsequently we entered into the "Space Age". Could the "duration" of "subsequently" relate to a period of about 8-years by any chance...1988 to 1996, when Researcher, Gary Cook challenged the legality of the restriction and forced lifting the embargo?
- This is where the "Red Herring" brigade starts "strewing" the pathway with schools and shoals of the flapping "little critters". 'Oh but you're quite mistaken, as such & such DOC Regional Office had the records there all the time for people to access'. "People", now there's a word...what people..."Joe Average" or someone needing the security clearance of J. Robert Oppenheimer...how about the arrogant prats of the Te Roroa- Waipoua Advisory Committee or other appropriate subsequent Te Roroa authority...I'd venture to say they had access, whereas Joe Average couldn't get a look in...and where was that Regional Office again? Heck, I didn't know there was a DOC Office in Fiji.
I know of several researchers, including Noel Hilliam, Curator of the Dargaville Maritime Museum and Joan Leaf, Hokianga based Historian, who had no success in accessing the Waipoua Forest Archaeological report prior to Gary Cook's legal intervention. Both Noel and Joan complained about the lack of access to the information in a Radio Pacific interview, Friday, 21st of June 1996 (midday - 2pm).
Others have joined the fray, nudging and cajoling the authorities into proffering explanations, after all...what's so threatening about archaeological finds that they need to be dubbed "restricted"...
One tenacious bloodhound has been a gentleman in Taupo, who managed to solicit this response from The Hon. Mark Burton, M.P. for Taupo. Mr. Burton consulted with the Minister of Conservation, The Hon. Sandra Lee, as well as the Minister in charge of Archives, The Hon. Marian Hobbs.
Figure 3: The Hon. Mark Burton's letter.
Well, from no disclosures earlier on (or outright denials that there ever was an embargo), it seems we were correct all along and, yes there definitely was some kind of access denial imposed by Pahinui Marae or Matahina Marae.
Despite appeasing, gloss over and confusing "double talk" in there, which attempts to minimize the gravity of the situation, we're getting closer to something that almost smacks of a disclosure.
Thanks Mark (we'll vote you in again next time). Thank you also Sandra and Marian for almost telling us something...mind you, we're mostly interested in the past tense aspect rather than how wonderfully accessible everything might appear to be in the present tense.
Then there's this letter from The Hon. Phillida Bunkle, which goes slightly further:
Figure 4: The Hon. Phillida Bunkle's response, which acknowledges that there was a restriction placed upon accessing Waipoua Forest archaeological information, formally suspended in 1996. In reality, this is the admission we have sought all along.
The authorities will be pleased to learn that those of us "crying foul" concerning their imposed secrecy of archaeological findings have had our fair share of critics. Members of the public have rolled over compliantly at the cosy, red herring explanations proffered by culpable functionaries, then come back at us for making a mountain out of a molehill.
The reality is that a huge body of historical information was earmarked for suppression and successfully hidden away for 8 years. It would have remained so unless someone was prepared to take up the cudgels and fight for the right to have it where it rightly belongs...in the public domain.
Archaeologists were employed by the New Zealand taxpayer to provide a service in behalf of the public. In the interests of scholarship and advancing our understandings of true regional history, it was our expectation to receive back a fully detailed appraisal of findings. We were not interested in personal political agendas or what would be most historically convenient for minority factions...just the "warts and all", unadulterated truth. What we got back for our heavy outlay of funds was suppression, evasion, deception, and what Justice Mahon would have referred to as, 'a litany of lies'.
The reason for suppressing this information is that, clearly, the 2000 stacked stone structures on 600 sites, throughout five archaeologically designated sections, on both sides of the Waipoua River and scattered over 500 acres of terrain, ARE NOT OF POLYNESIAN MAORI ORIGIN.
The general public would be very na´ve to accept that the suppression order has been fully lifted, as the significance of the site continues to be played down and everyone is dissuaded from going to visit the structures of the pre-Maori "Stone People".
- In early 2000, Denis Welch, journalist for The New Zealand Listener Magazine, sought official sanction to formally visit the structures of the Waipoua Forest. He was immediately 'advised by DOC to get clearance from Te Roroa'. Parties are directed by DOC to consult with one, Alex Nathan, who invariably refuses entry. Denis Welch was told that he was not permitted to inspect the ruins.
- If people wish to seek Te Roroa approval to visit these non-Maori structures then they are advised to consult with other, more reasonable and spiritual, Te Roroa members. This author has Te Roroa approval to visit the sites at any time he wishes and almost always goes to the structures with Te Roroa Iwi companions.
- In 1999, a film crew from Greenstone Pictures, making a documentary for TV1 titled, Who Was Here First, politely asked to film the structures. They also were refused by the Nathan's and had to resort to filming Noel Hilliam's old photographs for Waipoua Forest footage.
- Mike Havoc, New Zealand television personality, requested that this author take him to see and film the structures. His producer insisted upon getting "approval"...therefore, nothing ever eventuated.
- Where are the real carbon dating figures, related to the Waipoua Forest archaeological dig, seen by Noel Hilliam in the 1980's?The Waipoua Forest sites are still on public land, administered by the Department of Conservation and it is the right of all New Zealanders to hike throughout the area, with no known legal restriction posted by the Archaeological Division of DOC.
Despite this, visitors to the area, wishing to visit the ruins, are oftimes followed by carloads of locals who threaten them with violence if they don't leave the area. Other's, returning to their vehicles after visiting the ruins, find threatening notes left by the self-proclaimed owners. One recent note (3rd of July 2001) stated:
you have entered this area without prior authority and act as thieves the next time you do this you will be treated as such and suffer loss
On Tuesday the 3rd of July, myself, a friend and 3 boys ranging in age from 7 ½ to 17 years, ventured into the Waipoua forest for a bush walk and a look at the ancient stone structures therein.
We were dismayed to find that large areas of pines surrounding this site had recently been felled. Pine trees, which should never have been planted on this historical site are now harvestable.
These ancient structures, which have survived many centuries, may now have an existence numbered in days.
It is disheartening to see these artifacts, due to be destroyed, the people and their children who lived and died there could be ancient kin to many of us.
Around about 2:30pm we returned to our vehicle to find this threatening note tucked under a window wiper.
This block belongs to Department of Conservation
and any citizen of New Zealand may walk this land, as it belongs to everyone. We touched none of the artifacts, merely looked; we took nothing from the sites and yet have been threatened. If you are interested in viewing this ancient settlement, do it soon before it's gone, and leave somebody with your vehicle so that the gutless wonders who are writing threatening notes haven't got an opportunity to vandalize your property.
Martin, is there any government assurances of protection of this historically significant site?
If not, a passive protest of people on site (much like overseas when stopping tree felling) like a sit in can be organized or something similar.
If you are interested in helping and/or have time to camp out on site, maybe organize a website (as we haven't got a computer) to get interested parties together.
The pine trees do need to be removed, as they themselves are creating damage with their root systems, but not in the manner previously used in the areas surrounding the settlement such as heavy machinery and clear felling, which is totally destructive.
Terry MFree ranging domestic cattle, presumably owned by the Nathan's, have done irreparable damage to the stacked stone structures, by clambering over and around them. In many respects, it would have been far better if the 70's to 80's archaeological dig had been postponed until a more enlightened age, when the newly re-exposed structures were valued, respected and protected.
The Waipoua Forest suppression of information is but one of many attempts to dupe the New Zealand public and rob them of their true historical inheritance.
Mounds of secret information, from many regions of New Zealand, remain under lock and key. Let's name a few items we'd like to see brought out into the light of day...If anyone, with specific information about a New Zealand archaeological "cover-up", would like to write in, we'll add your information or enquiry to the following thread:
- In 1965 the Tameana and Hineana burial caves at Port Waikato were subjected to archaeological assessments. These were once home to the "tall ones", large stature, red headed people thought, in the 60's, to have originated in South America. Over the years much information had been learned about these people, including the fact that they made pottery (fragments of their pottery had been found). One report from the Port Waikato district spoke of a female skeleton, approaching 7 feet of height, with the male skeletons even taller. The remains of these tall people also included "red hair". They were once numerous, but were hunted to extinction by Maori cannibals. Many succumbed to lung ailments due to hiding in cold damp and dark conditions. Where are the official archaeological reports and photographs related to these types of remains and artefacts, accumulated over a long span of time? It's well known that these people existed...why is there a present restriction on talking about them in archaeological and historical circles?
- When caverns are located containing these remains, as in recent years, why does DOC employ concealment teams and bring in bulldozers to hide all trace of the locations? Why not bring in scientists, archaeologists, physical anthropologists and the like to analyse the skeletons and associated artefacts? We are in contact with parties who were employed by DOC to conceal such burial sites.
- About 1996 skeletal remains, described as being very ancient were found in a lava cavern near Wiri, South Auckland. Where is the archaeological report on this find and why did the initial newspaper article state that the remains were estimated to be about 2000 years old?
- In the summer of 2000-2001 an ancient skeleton was located on the foreshore of Lake Pupuke in Auckland, N.Z. Where is it now? Were any photographs taken of the cranium and jawline? Was it examined by a physical anthropologist? Why did an officiating Kaumatua state that it was 3000 years old?
- A little over 20 years ago there was a substantial landslip near the western shores of Lake Taupo. This occurrence was the result of incessant rains that had lashed the region for days on end. With the slippage of pumice ash, which had originally been dumped by the 186AD volcanic explosion of Taupo, a cavern mouth was exposed. Inside the cavern, officials and a volcanologist discovered the skeletal remains of people who had died as a result of the Taupo eruption. They had been living in the cave at the time, as artefacts and other evidence would suggest. But hold on a minute...there wasn't supposed to be anyone living in New Zealand in 186AD! Where is the archaeological report on this find, as well as the photographs and artefacts?
- Why was the very comprehensive and utterly proven work of farmer/ archaeologist, Russell Price deliberately and unfairly torpedoed, without rational substance, by Dr. Bruce Mc Fadgen? The careful work undertaken by Price at Poukawa, between the 50's to the 70's, was fully endorsed by New Zealand's leading experts in the science of "ash band layering" (Pedologists)...individuals of the calibre of Alan Pullar, along with highly respected colleagues, such as leading geologists Wellman, Kohn & Vucetich. They confirmed that Price had, indeed, found undeniable evidence of human occupation (artefacts and structures), which preceded both the Taupo volcanic explosion of 186AD, as well as the Waimiha volcanic explosion of 1320BC. Moa bones, found at very low levels below bands of "air layered" (volcanic) strata, had been both cooked, cut with tools and broken open for the extraction of marrow...sometime around 2500BC (see Chain of Evidence, by John Tasker, pages 138-155). Why has this astounding evidence been suppressed and ignored?
- Where are the skeletons of women with long blond hair, extending to below their knees, found near Dargaville in the early 1900's? These were considered to be ancient and were located in a burial cave or grave when a road was being cut adjacent to the Wairoa river. Where is the report and were any photos taken?
Updated information: These two pre-colonial, European female skeletons were moved a short distance, amounting to only a couple of hundred yards, to the "pauper's section" of the Dargaville cemetary. There are approximately 50 bodies buried in that section and it would now, in all probability, be impossible to know which two skeletons were those of the pre-colonial European women. The discovery and reburial occurred in 1902. The two bodies were examined by Dr. Rata Norton who had worked in the district since 1872..ref. Noel Hilliam, Dargaville Maritime Museum Curator.
- Where is the giant skeleton found near Mitimiti?
- Where are the ancient Indo-European hair samples (wavy red and brown), originally 'obtained from a rock shelter near Waitakere'? These woven or platted samples were on display at the Auckland War Memorial Museum for many years and were written about by Maori Historian, Sir Peter Buck. Why don't we subject such samples to DNA analysis?
- What did the Ngati-Whatua Iwi do with the 2 skeletons of Spanish conquistador soldiers, located on the western side of Potu Peninsula? The skeletal remains were exposed when heavy winds moved the sand dunes and the local police officer and other European officials were aware of this discovery. The bodies had helmets, breastplate armour and the remains of leather boots. They were handed over to the local Iwi and no further discussion has been forthcoming. Where is the archaeological report and photographs of this dynamic find? Is it true that the Ngati-Whatua Iwi hand around an ancient sword during Hui gatherings?
- Why are we not allowed to do carbon dating and DNA analysis on ancient, non-Maori skeletal remains or the 200 year-old mummified, Indo-European head repatriated to New Zealand in 1998 from Britain by then Minister of Maori Affairs, Tau Henare?The New Zealand archaeological scene is changing rapidly with the emergence of dynamic new information, much of which is astronomical in nature. Local structures also incorporate Northern Hemisphere geodetic, "ring of the Earth" navigational systems and Egyptian/ Indo European measurement standards.
Self-protective, politically orientated and insulated New Zealand archaeologists or social historians are destined, shortly, to become yesterday's forgotten dinosaurs and fossils. Likewise, factions within Maoridom will be seen to have been deliberately obstructive, deceptive and self-aggrandizing, in excluding any history that did not promote, solely, their people or present political stances.
'Those who control the past, control the present and the future.'